There are many non hormonal birth control options out there for women to choose from like using condoms, a diaphragm, spermicide, non hormonal IUD, and of course non hormonal birth control which can include non hormonal birth control pills as well as other options.
When it comes to using barrier methods to protect yourself during intercourse it is important that to get the same effectiveness you must you them every time you have sex. This means that you have to extra diligent in using condoms, diaphragms, spermicide, and cervical caps every time you have sex. That is one disadvantage to using barrier methods rather than birth control pills. However using a copper IUD or intrauterine device where the device is inserted by a health care provider gives you the same sense of regularity that taking the pill does as you do not have to worry about having barriers on hand just in case. However it is recommended that any time you are on birth control whether it is a birth control pill or an IUD that barrier is used as well to help protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
There are several benefits to using an IUD as a form of non hormonal birth control as it provides you with up to 5 years of contraception. It also will not have an impact on your future fertility once it has been removed. With an IUD your monthly cycle will stay the same however you may have a heavier menstration for the first 2 or 3 times after you have the IUD inserted. Another benefit of IUD is that it also lowers the rate of ectopic pregnancies that can be life threatening and extremely painful. An IUD may be right for you if you cannot take birth control that have hormones in it or if you simply want a non hormonal birth control. IUDs are great for individuals that are in steady relationships and are not worried about contracting STDs, want long term contraception, have trouble remembering to take their birth control pills, are breastfeeding, or are allergic to other types of contraception. Some women have latex allergies or are allergic to different hormones in birth control and with IUD they can have a form of non hormonal birth control that is safe for them to use. There are also disadvantages to IUDs as they do not protect you against STDs and other contraceptive measures should be taken, your periods may get heavier and you may experience more cramps. Some serious disadvantages are that the IUD can perforate the uterus, it can cause infection, or it could fall out. Every individual’s body is different and yours may react different to an IUD than someone else’s. If you are interested in getting an IUD inserted then discussing it with your health care provider is the best place to start as you can discuss your concerns with them and they can provide you with more information on the process and the side effects.
If you are not comfortable with taking non hormonal birth control pills or are worried that you will forget to take them but you are not quite ready to have something implanted in your uterus then you can also look into contraceptive sponges as a birth control method. A contraceptive sponge is a disposable sponge that has spermicide in it. The sponge is placed at the cervix and kills sperm before they enter; it is recommended that a condom be used as well with this type of method. Advantages include that you do not have to change the sponge every time you have intercourse during a short period of time and the spermicide is good for up to 12 hours. However, some women find that they are allergic to the spermicide and that they also get reoccurring yeast infections when they use this type of method. Also it is not a reliable form of protection on its own and should be used in combination with another type of contraception.
Cervical caps and diaphragms are other popular forms of non hormonal birth control. Both of these types of contraception should be used with other forms of contraception like spermicide or condoms as they are not completely effective on their own. They are both inserted in front of against the cervix and prevent sperm from entering. However many women find it hard or difficult to insert these devices properly and if they are not correctly inserted they will not be as effective as they should be. You also have to remember to insert them before sex. Luckily you can insert them before hand and can ensure that they are inserted correctly in private before having sex. These can cause urinary tract infections. Women that are allergic to latex will not be able to use either of these devices as they are both made of latex. They can also shift during sex and they do not protect against STDs.
When you start looking into types of non hormonal birth control methods it can be advantageous to take the time and figure out what you think will work best for you and take that information to your doctor. This can be helpful especially if you are looking to get an IUD or get fitted for a cap. Finding a cost effective and safe contraception will make you feel confident and safe and is well worth the time to find just the right one.